Nursing professional continues to be among chief advocates for improved community health. Numerous elements influence well-being. Disease risk factors, poor health status, and limited health care access often relate to people with economic, social, and environmental disadvantages. Social context and conditions in which people live offer an explanation why certain population groups are healthier than the others. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), social determinants of health are the conditions of people’s birth, upbringing, living, working, and ageing, inclusive of the healthcare system. They contribute substantially to health inequalities and avoidable and unfair differences in health status maintained by minority groups. The SDH, ethnicity, race, sex, sexual orientation, disability, and age all influence health. Appreciation of such factors is an essential step towards solving a problem of the health status. A survey in the United States reports that minority communities have more formidable barriers to healthcare access, lower socioeconomic status, and a greater burden of disease as compared to the general population. The essay focuses on health status of African Americans developing an effective approach to cure disparity.
Numerous studies reveal relatively inferior health status of the African-American population. For instance, the black have the lowest life expectancy as compared to any other ethnic or racial group. Principal contributors to low expectation of life include cancer, heart diseases, birth-related risk factors, and diabetes. African Americans have the highest death rate from heart disease and stroke as compared to others. Black women are forty percent more likely to die of breast cancer, regardless of the fact that they are ten percent less inclined to contract the disease. In comparison to the rest of Americans, African Americans are twice likely to be diabetic, and forty percent of them are apt to suffer from high blood pressure. A lower number of black adults are likely to receive the influenza vaccine. Current health status indicates an enormous disparity that must be confronted based on its cause.
Poor health status among African Americans can usually refer to their socioeconomic status. Research has revealed that socioeconomic position has cumulative, lasting, and direct effects on health. Income levels and education attainment in the United States help to measure these outcomes. African Americans earn a relatively low income as compared to the rest of the world which affects the conditions and a place where they live or use health care facilities. Revenue and education offer psychological and material resources that provide protection against health risks in children and adults. Among individuals with low income and education level there are increased rates of morbidity, mortality, limited access to quality health care, and risk-taking behaviors. Recent disparity report presents that minority groups like African Americans have a lower level of income and education attainment.
Despite the effort taken to combat discrimination and exclusion based on race or ethnicity, health disparity continues to relate to the vice. Discrimination occurred in health services centers cause people of color not to make use of the services. Inadequate transport facilities among African Americans also prevent them from accessing health care in time lowering their status. The black complain of staying in the waiting rooms longer as compared to white people. However, the minority group tends to have more rigid schedules leading to a lack of time to visit health care providers. A combination of all these factors results in lowered willingness and ability to receive the necessary treatment. Consequently, more African Americans organize emergency room visits now, but they lose an opportunity for a continuous health care approach.
Health promotion among African Americans is obviously a process of empowering the community to adopt healthy lifestyle choices and have stronger motivation to promote health self-management. Support mechanism, education, and patient counseling form a part of a strategic approach to health promotion among African Americans. For a successful process, individuals must expand effort to control their behavior and change their environments. Health promotion has never been more fundamental than it is today. Individuals and organizations need to establish goals and objectives aimed at improving population health and eliminating health disparities in particular. Achieving health equality is an obvious target, especially among the African-American population. Statistics indicates that two-thirds of all deaths recorded in the United States result from five major chronic diseases: diabetes, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. African Americans maintain the highest rate of mortality from three of the above-mentioned diseases stressing the need to address health disparities.
Currently, ethnic health inequalities undermine not only communities but also health care system. African Americans are particularly prone to certain health problems, more likely to develop serious complications, and even more liable to die from the results of such conditions. Researchers deem high morbidity and mortality rates to be a result of cardiovascular disease among African Americans as compared to the Caucasian race. The black are twice more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes increasing the chances of lower-extremity amputation and renal failure significantly. Poor education, barriers to health promotion, and unhealthy behaviors play a critical role in numerous disparities among African Americans.
Wellness and health fair is a more efficient approach to reducing and entirely eradicating existing inequalities. The first way provides the population with necessary information to prevent disease before it spreads. The health fair also encompasses the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. For example, it provides an opportunity for health providers to work with disadvantaged communities, hence identifying their unique needs. African Americans would learn important disease preventive strategies from a presentation on the screen. A desire to improve health, especially among the minority groups is never enough without providing the communities with information to help them make smarter choices regarding their health. The wellness fair also provides an excellent opportunity for health practitioners to narrow the divide by building trust between African Americans and health care providers. Reports indicate that the black are less likely to manage harmonious relationship with the medical specialist. A well-planned health fair must lead the community to higher motivation for visiting a local physician regularly.
Appreciation of health disparities in the African-American population is the first step towards dealing with the most shocking form of inequality. Health care system must address not only the disparities but also their reduction based on race or ethnicity matters. To reach that point, African-American children need to attend schools as much as white do. The minority group need to be economically empowered to facilitate access to quality health care. Insurance policies should take all the members of the population into consideration by developing health insurance plans that are affordable for everyone. Considering that health promotion efforts have been emphasizing racial and ethnic disparities in the health care system, there appears an approach to risk reduction among high-risk groups with little or no improvement in inequalities. Intervention will eliminate health disparities because it effective when it concerns the influence of family income, education, and other socioeconomic factors.
The essay was written and published by the professional writer Molly Miles, who works as a writer at response essay writing service.