There are seven national heroes of Jamaica, or some would say, six heroes and one heroine. Today we will be focusing on three.
Nanny of the Maroons
Nanny was the only female hero (heroine) found amongst the seven National Heroes of Jamaica. It isn’t certain if she’s African or Jamaican, but she was of an Ashante origin. She was a wife and a spiritual leader but she never had any children of her own. Nanny was also the sister of Cudjoe who was the leader of Trelawny Town and Quao. Nanny grew to be the leader of the Windward Maroons of Nanny Town. She was seen as an emblem of strength and oneness during periods of adversity.
Sir Alexander Bustamante
Born on February 24, 1884, raised by his parents Robert Clarke, an Irish-descended book-keeper
and Mary Clarke Wilson, a small farmer, Bustamante rose from the ashes of poverty. In 1905, he began his trade union involvement. Between 1934 and 1938, Sir Alexander Bustamante
continuously reported to the press with letters denouncing the social conditions of Jamaica and
demanded a better deal for poor and under-privileged people. Additionally, Sir Alexander
Bustamante became the first Prime Minister of Jamaica in 1962. He retired from politics in 1967 and died at the age of 93 on August 6, 1977.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, man of Nobility!
Marcus, born in St. Ann and believed to be of Maroon decent, shifted the trajectory of the black's future. He started off as a writer, working at the Government's Printing Office, and in 1910 he decide to create his own paper called ‘The Watchman'. In 1914, he started the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in order to fight for the freedom of the Black people and to end the discrimination and prejudice against them. In 1916, he traveled to the USA and manage to preach freedom for the oppressed in over 35 states and formed many branches. He had branches in Africa and the West Indies. He was then thrown in jail for financial fraud; he requested an appeal but was denied it and was later deported to Jamaica where he continued to host public meetings. Garvey went to England in 1935 and died of a stroke in 1940. His body was sent to Jamaica 1964 and buried in the Nationals Heroes Park.
I hope you learned something new! Catch you at the next post where will learn more about the other heroes